Developing countries face many demands to improve SPS capacity to boost agri-food exports and support other public policy objectives. Yet resources available from government budgets and donors are insufficient to meet all identified needs. This requires hard choices to be made between competing SPS investments.
The STDF has developed a framework to help inform and improve SPS planning and decision-making processes. The P-IMA framework offers an evidence-based approach to inform and improve SPS planning and decision-making processes. It helps to link SPS investments to public policy goals including export growth, agricultural productivity, and poverty reduction. In the process, P-IMA encourages public-private dialogue, boosts transparency and accountability, and improves the economic efficiency of investment decisions. The P-IMA user Guide uses a multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) approach, as well as computer software (D-Sight) to help derive priorities.
An STDF Briefing note provides a concise introduction to the P-IMA framework, explains the key principles behind the P-IMA approach and outlines the steps in applying the framework.
A number of countries (including Belize, Ethiopia, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, Seychelles, Uganda, Vietnam and Zambia) have use the P-IMA framework to prioritize SPS investment options. STDF PPGs in Tajikistan and Madagascar are using the P-IMA framework to prioritize SPS investments in export-oriented value chains. An STDF regional project is using the P-IMA framework to prioritize and mainstream SPS investments into the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) and other policy and financing frameworks focused on trade, the environment and climate change. Detailed information on national and regional experiences is available below.
Highlights from regional and country experiences
Information session to present the P-IMA framework and new User Guide - March 2016
The STDF organized an information session on the P-IMA framework on the margins of the SPS Committee on 16 March 2016.
Ms Marlynne Hopper (STDF Secretariat) introduced the P-IMA framework, its guiding principles and the User Guide. She also discussed the experience and results of the application of the framework in several countries. The session drew over 60 SPS delegates.
Ms Delilah Cabb (Belize Agricultural Health Authority) shared Belize's experience with the P-IMA framework. This work enabled stakeholders to identify the real costs attached to some SPS capacity building options, direct investments to areas with best returns, and identify new sources of funding nationally for some SPS capacity-building needs. Ms Cabb highlighted how the P-IMA framework complemented the use of sector-specific SPS capacity evaluation tools (developed by OIE, IPPC and IICA) in Belize, and underscored the importance of involving national SPS experts. Based on Belize's successful experience, Ms Cabb provided useful feedback to delegates that may be interested in the applying P-IMA to prioritize SPS capacity building needs in their countries.
P-IMA Workshop in Geneva - June 2013
The STDF organized a workshop on "Prioritizing SPS Investments for Market Access" at the WTO in Geneva on 24-25 June 2013.
The workshop facilitated a review of existing work to prioritize SPS investments for market access in developing countries, using the MCDA approach. Developing country experts shared useful feedback on the experiences and lessons learned in their countries. Several recommendations were made by participants to further improve the tool and guide possible future work by the STDF.
COMESA MCDA Presentation
Ethiopia MCDA Presentation
Introduction to the use of MCDA
Malawi MCDA Presentation
Mozambique MCDA presentation
Seychelles MCDA Presentation
Uganda MCDA Presentation
Use of MCDA by USAID
Vietnam MCDA Presentation
Zambia MCDA Presentation
Regional Workshop for the Asia and the Pacific - November 2012
This workshop provided an introduction to the use of MCDA to prioritize SPS investments for market access, shared country experiences and discussed issues faced in using this methodology. The workshop programme can be found here.
Aflandia case study
Introduction to Workshop - Spencer Henson
MCDA Introduction - Spencer Henson
STDF Presentation - Marlynne Hopper
Aflandia case study - Spencer Henson
Belize Experience - Delilah Cabb
Vietnam experience - TranViet Cuong
Regional Workshop in Africa - August 2011
This workshop provided an introduction to the use of MCDA to prioritize SPS investments for market access, shared country experiences and discussed issues faced in using this methodology.
Workshop summary report
STDF: A joint initiative in SPS capacity building and technical cooperation - Melvin Spreij
Highlights from Recent STDF Thematic Work - Marlynne Hopper
Overview of the use of economic analysis to set priorities for SPS capacity building - Spencer Henson
A multi-criteria decision-making framework for setting priorities in SPS capacity building - Spencer Henson
Aflandia Country Case Study and Presentation - Spencer Henson
Establishing Priorities for SPS Capacity Building in Mozambique Using a Multi Criteria Decision-Making Framework - Ana David Timana
Application of the MCDA in Zambia - Doreen Malekano Chomba